Voyages To Canada
You probably already know that George Vancouver discovered Vancouver. But, you probably don't know the first time he discovered Vancouver he was not alone. He was accompanied by Captain James Cook. In 1778, Captain James Cook's ship arrived in Vancouver, along with George Vancouver and a few other ship mates. Back then, what today we call British Columbia was once know as Nootka Sound. They later found out they were the first European's to stand on that land. After exploring Canada's coast, Captain Cook sailed to the Hawaiian Islands and died during a small war with the Natives on Febuary 14th 1779. Luckly, Captain George Vancouver escaped and survived. Once the crew went back to England, George passed an exam and was eligible to become a lieutenant. In 1789 the coast of North America was drawing attention. They soon dicovered that there were many good trading opportunities. In the Autum they decided to send Captain Henry Roberts and Captain Geroge Vancouver to go to North America. Britan declared war unless they got the land. Spain didn't want to fight and gave up the land in 1790, but they still had some control over the land.
First Contact: Natives & Europeans
- Both groups traded each others belongings ( i.e the English traded pelts for fur.)
- The Natives did not need to move, because all resources that they needed to live, were available to them, which gave them better trading opportunities.
- There was a slight chance that the Japanese or Russians came in contact with the Natives before the Europeans did.
- Alot of other contries wanted to explore Canada due to fur, whales and other resources, which meant the Europeans had to find the land first.
- Some Natives died due to illneses brought by the Europeans that they could not cure.
- Some Europeans died from the winter ilnness scurvy, which the Natives taught them how to cure.